What is Soap
Soap is a salt of a fatty acid used in a variety of cleansing and lubricating products. In a domestic setting, soaps are usually used for washing, bathing, and other types of housekeeping. In industry, soaps are used as thickeners, components of some lubricants, and precursors to catalysts.
When used for cleaning, soap solubilizes particles and grime, which can then be separated from the article being cleaned. Where soaps act as surfactants, emulsifying oils to enable them to be carried away by water.
Soap is created by mixing fats and oils with a base, as opposed to detergent which is created by combining chemical compounds in a mixer.